• “Is NATO Relevant?” Sarwar Kashmeri with UK MP Mike Gapes, on Skynews

  • What’s Next For NATO: A “Reboot or Delete?” Robin Young, host of Here & Now asks Sarwar Kashmeri

  • Sarwar Kashmeri & NATO 2.0 on Fox News

  • To preserve NATO bridge it to the EU

    NATO used to be the world’s most formidable military alliance. But, its original reason for existence, the Soviet Union, disintegrated years ago, and its dreams of being a world cop are withering in the mountains of Afghanistan.

    Meanwhile, the European Union’s Common Security & Defense Policy (CSDP) has deployed twenty-seven successful military/civil missions from Africa to Asia in the last ten years. Through CSDP, Europeans are increasingly taking charge of managing their own foreign and security policy. NATO is no longer the sole and preeminent Euro-Atlantic security actor.

    But watching NATO fade into irrelevance would be a mistake. It is a tried and true platform to harness the resources of North America and Europe. NATO’s future usefulness depends on its willingness to accept its reduced role, to let the EU handle the day-to-day security needs of Europe, and to craft a relationship with CSDP that will allow North America and Europe to act militarily together, should that ever become necessary.

    It is time for NATO 2.0, a new version of NATO, to fit the realities of an ever more integrated Europe in the twenty-first century.



Interlocutors for     NATO 2.0: Reboot or Delete?

(In alphabetical order)


 From the United States:

  •  Andrew Bacevich, Professor International Relations, Boston University
  • Arnaud de Borchgrave, Director & Senior Advisor, Transnational Threats Project, CSIS
  • Bantz J. Craddock, General (Ret) former NATO Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR)
  • Brent Scowcroft, General, former National Security Advisor, CEO, The Scowcroft Group
  • Charles Van Bebber, Colonel, U.S. Army, Director, European Studies, U.S. Army War College, Carlisle, PA
  • Chuck Hagel, Senator,   Co-Chairman of the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board; Chairman of the Atlantic Council of the United States
  • Damon Wilson, Vice President and Director: International Security Program, Atlantic Council of the United States
  • Erik Bleich, Associate Professor of Political Science, Middlebury College, Vermont 
  • James Hoge, Editor, Foreign Affairs Magazine
  • Larry Goodson, Dr. Professor, Middle East Studies, U.S. Army War College, Carlisle, PA
  • Leo G. Michel, Senior Research Fellow, Inst. for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University
  • Marc Grossman, Vice Chairman, The Cohen Group, former U.S. Ambassador to Turkey and Pakistan
  • Michael C. Ryan, Colonel, United States Mission to the European Union (Brussels)
  • Noel Lateef  President & CEO, Foreign Policy Association
  • Robert Gosende, Associate Vice Chancellor for International Programs, former Ambassador
  • Stan Sloan, Visiting Scholar, Middlebury College, Vermont
  • Tim Cornett, Col, US Army, Commander SJFHQ US Southern Command
  • Tom Twetten  Retired Deputy Director for operations, CIA (Retired)
  • Victoria Nuland, former U.S. Ambassador to NATO 


From Canada:

  • Christopher J.R. Davis, Lt. General, CMM, CD Canadian Military Representative to NATO
  • Elizabeth Race, Deputy Defence Policy Advisor, Canadian Joint Delegation to NATO


From Turkey:

  • Ersin Onunduran, Professor of International Relations, Ankara University, Turkey
  • H. Tarik Oguzlu, Assistant Prof Ankara University, Turkey


From the European Union:

  •  Alexis Vahlas, Dr., Associate Professor, Univ of Strasbourg. Director–Master’s degree External and Internal Security of the EU.
  • Andrzej Towpik, Ambassador of Poland to the United Nations
  • Atonio Missiroli, Director of Studies, European Policy Studies, (Brussels)
  • Carlos Fernández-Arias Minuesa, Ambassador, Chairman, European Union Political & Military Committee (Brussels)
  • David Leakey, Lt. General, CMG, CBE Director General, European Union Military Staff (Brussels)
  • Fernando Valenzuela, Ambassador of Spain to Russia
  • Giampaolo Di Paola, Admiral, Chairman, NATO Military Committee (Brussels)
  • Giovanni Manione, Brigadier General, Crisis Management & Planning Directorate, EU Military Staff, (Brussels)
  • Hakan Syren, General, Chairman, European Union Military Committee (Brussels)
  • Horst-Heinrich Brauss, General, Dep Asst. Sec-General Defense Policy & Planning, NATO (Brussels)
  • Jan Alhadeff, EU Crisis Management Planning Directorate (Brussels)
  • James Appathurai, NATO Spokesman, Strategic Director of Press Office (Brussels)
  • Jeremy Greenstock, Sir GCMG, former UK Ambassador to the United Nations
  • Jurgen Bornemann, Lieutenant General, Director General NATO International Military Staff
  • Karl-Heinz Lather, General, DEU Army, Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers in Europe, NATO (Mons, Belgium)
  • Mark C. Fischer, Transatlantic Center, The German Marshall Fund of the U.S. (Brussels)
  • Michael Ruehle, Head, Energy Security Section, Emerging Security Challenges Division, NATO, (Brussels)
  • Pat Nash, Lieutenant General, former OP/Comdr EUFOR TCHAD/RCA
  • Patrick Chevallereau, Captain, French Navy, Exec. Asst. Supreme Allied Commander Transformation, NATO
  • Patrick de Rousiers, Lt. Gen. French Air Force, French Mil Rep to the European Union Military Committee & the NATO Military Committee (Brussels)
  • Paul Van der Heijden, Colonel, NATO Representative to the United Nations
  • Pedro Serrano, Ambassador and Acting Head of the EU Delegation to the United Nations
  • Shada Islam, Senior Program Executive, European Policy Studies, (Brussels)
  • Stefani Weiss, Director, Europe´s Future/Shaping Global Future, Brussels Office– Bertelsmann Stiftung
  • Stephane Abrial, General, Supreme Allied Commander for Transformation, NATO
  • Ton Van Osch, Drs., Lieutenant General, Director General, European Union Military Staff (Brussels)
  • Sverker Ulving, Colonel/Minister Counselor, European Union Military Staff, Military Liaison Officer to the United Nations


From Russia:

Dmitry Rogozin, Ambassador to NATO (Brussels)

I used these one-on-one conversations to refine my ideas and conclusions. Where appropriate, direct quotations from these conversations are used to illuminate my narrative. There is no question that my interlocutors were enormously helpful, and a source of first-hand information. They inspired me. But the conclusions I came to are entirely my own and it would be a mistake to link them to any particular interlocutor. 


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